Ways to remove moles/ nevi in Skin. Moles, or nevi, are benign skin lesions. They can be either acquired or congenital, have a color from light brown to dark brown, sometimes with the growth of hairs. As a rule, throughout life, they do not increase.
Ways to remove moles/ nevi in Skin
- liquid nitrogen: the mole instantly freezes, its “roots” are destroyed. This method is the fastest;
- Laser: A laser beam acts on a small area of the skin, removing a mole without leaving any residue. Suitable for removing small moles;
- by electrocoagulation method: exposure to a mole with a high-frequency current with the aim of thermal damage to the problem area. Less – scars may remain. Plus – a removed mole can be sent for a biopsy;
- radiosurgery – removal of a mole using a radiocoagulator. Today it is recognized as one of the most effective removal methods. Also provides the ability to send a remote mole to a biopsy;
- surgical method: removal of a mole with a scalpel. Not recommended for removing moles on the face, as scars may remain.
Congenital moles are small in size (diameter from 0.5 to 1.5 cm), medium (diameter from 1.5-10 cm) and large (diameter more than 10 cm). Due to the high risk of degeneration into a malignant tumor, large and medium moles can be hazardous to health. These include flat borderline acquired moles, especially if they decrease or increase. A mole can degenerate into a malignant tumor (melanoma) if:
- its size reaches more than 5 mm-1 cm;
- has irregular contours and shape and uneven pigmentation;
- in the field of education there was a burning sensation, itching, bleeding;
- redness appeared around the pigmented lesion.
Removing moles in closed areas of the body can be done at any time of the year. Moles located in open areas of the body are recommended to be removed in autumn, winter or early spring in order to avoid sunlight.