How to choose sunscreen with skin type. In summer, due to frequent exposure to the sun, the skin is exposed to many risks and requires special care. Beauty Makeup Tips going to show how best to choose a sunscreen, what indicators should I pay attention to, how to use the product and not make mistakes when using it?
What is SPF and where to start choosing sunscreen
SPF is a protective factor that can help prevent skin burns. However, it is important to understand that skin burn is one thing, and photoaging or skin cancer (melanoma) is another. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to other indicators that are indicated on the means of protection from solar radiation. These are UVA and UVB.
UVA can be indicated by pluses from 1 to 3 and suggests that we protect the skin from rays that cause the worst damage (photoaging, pigmentation, melanoma). UVB is similar to SPF and indicates that we protect the skin from burns.
SPF is a measure of protection that indicates how many times longer we can stay in the sun until we get the minimum erythema dose, that is until the skin turns red. For example, if our skin is able to redden and get a primary burn in 10 minutes, and the number 5 is indicated on the tube, then you need to multiply 10 by 5. It turns out that we can increase the time spent in the sun to 50 minutes.
It is worth paying attention to PPD and PA indicators. As a rule, they are indicated on the creams of oriental production: Japan, South Korea.
According to Svetlana, if a person thinks about his own future and health, wants to prevent not just a burn, but more serious damage, then he needs to pay attention to all the above indicators. When choosing a cream, the phototype, skin type (dry and oily require different care), age (young skin is more resistant to sun damage than mature, but children’s one is more vulnerable), the country in which the product will be used is also taken into account.
In order to start choosing a remedy, you need to know your phototype. In our strip, as a rule, there are three photo types from six available: the first, second and third. These are people from very light, almost non-tanning skin with freckles to ivory skin, which tans, but can also burn. In any case, the skin of our region requires serious protection.
It also matters at what latitude we intend to use sunscreen.
The sun’s rays fall on the Earth at different angles. In the equatorial zone, their fall is almost vertical; they are least absorbed by the ozone layer and the atmosphere. The probability of getting a burn for our phototypes here is very high. People permanently residing in this region have a different phototype (fifth and sixth). Over time, it turned out that their skin pigment is the natural protection of the skin from sunlight.
When choosing a cream, it should be remembered that for use in our country one means it is needed, and if we go on vacation, then it is completely different. It also takes into account the duration of exposure to the sun (a whole day or a couple of hours) and the type of activity – work or rest. Wherever we are, it is important to remember that the highest solar activity is from 10 to 16 hours. At this time, it is better not to be in the sun at all.
The skin tans even in the shade or when there are clouds in the sky. In this case, we get no direct sunlight but reflected and scattered. Such a tan is much more useful because the rays evenly fall on all open areas of the body.
What is the principle of sunscreen, and what is a sunblock?
“Sunblock” really protects the skin from the sun, and sunblock creams promote uniform and intense tanning and, nevertheless, contain a minimum degree of protection (up to 5), preventing the initial burning and damage to the skin.
In summer, sunscreen is always recommended for everyone. However, they should be divided according to the degree of protection. In operating mode, a minimum or medium degree will be sufficient. And for a focused stay and relaxation in the sun, the level of protection should be high, intense, that is, always above 30, speaking of SPF, and +++, bearing in mind the UVA, UVB, PPD indicators.
The maximum degree of protection of SPF (it is 50 and above) guarantees 99.5% of protection. When using funds with a level of 30, this figure is about 95-97%. The difference is small. When choosing, you need to focus on the properties of the drug.
For oily skin, prone to acne, you need a light texture product, as a rule, light is indicated on it, or you should choose an emulsion – it is thin, spreads easily and does not clog pores.
No matter how many sun protection creams are applied to the skin, their degree of protection will not be cumulative. It is necessary to focus on the maximum degree of protection of the applied product. If you stay in the heat for a long time, you need to renew the cream and make-up, and when you are in the office all day there is no need to apply the product with a high degree of protection. Before going out in the sun, you just need to change the degree of protection and make makeup easier.
What to do if the skin has already received a burn?
When getting a sunburn, it is necessary to use products that promote skin regeneration, healing, relieving swelling, inflammation, and pain. The most common are agents containing panthenol, allantoin, aloe. With a burn, you can not sunbathe for a long time, because any skin regenerates for about 28 days.
Should I use special creams and lotions after tanning?
It is advisable to use funds after tanning. They act as moisturizing and nourishing preparations, give the skin firmness and elasticity, restore the skin after stress, which is sea water and the sun. A lot of products contain coolants like menthol or essential oils, they are very nice to apply after a long stay in the heat.
But, of course, do not forget about the benefits of the sun: UVB rays are necessary for the synthesis of vitamin D by our skin, and it, in turn, for the absorption of calcium by the body. For this, only 10-15 minutes a day of open hands and face in the sun are enough.
sunscreen for hair :
Hair sprays are quite effective. They contain the same factors and protect the hair from sun damage. However, it is essential for hair to be nourished and restored after exposure to the sun and salt water. These are a variety of oils: shea, carrots, macadamia, coconut, argan. Many are able to protect hair from the sun, that is, they are quite universal means of protection, nutrition, and recovery.
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